How successful is democracy in Bharatham ( India ). Sometimes it look like a mockery of the system. Find yourself from the direct telecast of Loksabha / Rajya Sabha proceedings
Respected family members of this great holy Nation.
Sub : How successful is democracy in india. Democracy has certain weaknesses. Some of these are discussed below:
Ref : The demerits are also many but the worst is the hoards of parties that are mushrooming in the country. Anybody disgruntled from the party bosses, starts his own party. Likewise, having some ideological differences with the party line, may also lead to formation of a new party. Can you imagine, India has got more than 2000 parties on date? The result is that no party is able to gain majority in the true sense of the word.Sometimes it look like a mockery of the system.
1. Quantity rather than Quality:
It lays emphasis on quantity as opposed to quality. Every person whether stupid or genius is treated equal while inequality is a biological phenomenon. It turns into government by "the ignorant and the intellectual." It standardizes life on a low level.
Democracy is based on the assumption that all wisdom rests with inferior four-fifths of mankind, who are "mostly fools." Government in democracy works on 'majority mechanism.
' Decidedly the intellectuals and wise people are in minority and majority is in the hands or intellectuals and mediocres. Democracy thus tends to be a Government of the mediocre since in it, votes are counted but not weighed.
It very often breeds inefficiency. The political leaders are more busy with forming political alliances and thereby maintaining their positions rather than looking after the administration.
In practice, the administration is run by the bureaucrats who owe no responsibility to the people.
It breeds corruption. Unhealthy political compromises are made, coalitions are formed throwing all principles to winds thereby. Privileges and power are distributed among the supporters of the regime rather than given to those who deserve. Democracy thus encourages nepotism, jobbery and favoritism.
4. Political Parties:
It leads to formation of political parties which mislead, misinform and misguide the electorate. They distort issues, falsify facts, appeal to emotions, make falser and Utopian promises.
5. A Government of Careerists, Opportunists, Self-seekers and Demagogues:
In democracy, people who have no principle of their own flourish while genuine persons with good intentions lag behind. Such people are generally election shy and shun the botheration of elections and political maneuverings.
People who belong to the class of careerists, opportunists, self-seekers and demagogues succeed easily in politics and they reach the scats of authority. Really capable people having competence are pushed back to the wall.
It is very expensive type of government. Parliaments, cabinets, election machinery are all a costly affair and a burden on the tax payer.
The rich classes and political leaders exploit the ignorant and simple masses.
Further masses are opposed to intellectual progress and scientific development.
8. Cannot meet emergencies:
It is pointed out that democracies are unfit to meet emergencies. The Governments had also to assume dictatorial powers in democratic states.
The opponents of democracy point out that it is a process of dis-education rather than education. It lowers standards, it puts premium on emotion rather than reason, on ignorance rather than intelligence and knowledge. It creates among masses a false sense of equality.
Every voter thinks that he is equal to every other voter and fit to govern. The masses are less interested in advancement of science, culture, art, literature, etc., as compared to the privileged classes.
10. Curtailment of Liberty:
Democracy, it is alleged, does not extend the domain of liberty and equality.
The power of the state is used by the party in power to perpetuate its rule rather than for advancement of the people.
11. Difficult system of Government:
Democracy is a difficult form of government for assumptions on which it rests are difficult of fulfillment. It assumes civic capacity on the part of the citizen. The citizen must be able to understand the interest of the community, subordinate his own will to the General will and must feel his responsibility to the community and be prepared to serve it by voting and by choosing the best men.
The fact remains that in most of the countries of the world these assumptions cannot be fulfilled. The people, by and large show indifference to public life. They neglect to study public affairs. Self-interest reveals itself in buying of votes. Party discipline kills independent thinking.
Failure of democracy in almost all the underdeveloped countries is matter of common knowledge because of the fact that basic qualities enumerated above are not yet developed in them.
12. Political Democracy without Economic Democracy is meaningless:
Political democracy in a class divided society under capitalism tends to develop into the rule of the few capitalists. The capitalists possess all the resources needed for elections whereas a vast majority of people, workers peasants and lower middle classes are without all those means which can enable them to come to the forefront.
Politics for the rich is just a business enterprise while the same is beyond the reach of the poor.
My viewpoints -
1. I would say, almost failed. India is democratic country as papers (constitution) says. However, voting system is total failure in india. People are so immature, they vote for every other reason ( money, Alcohol, personal gifts, etc., ...), but not for good governance.
2. I guess, it would take at-least another 1000 years ( even then condition remain same as old ) for indians to forget the stupid differences, and understand that govt should be responsible to people in every way ( this may not going to happen even God blessings there )
3. It is slavery to a family, ( dynastic rule which is flourishing in almost all states and the centre ) to hide which several families have been created.
4. With various parties having stronghold in various regions, and the lack of a strong single national party, Indian government has become a slave of coalition politics which has been a deterrent to a lot of progressive steps.
5. According to a lot of estimated the educated middle class votes the least in terms of percentages and therefore the leaders are chosen by the parties based on caste, creed and other such factors that appeal to the poor population. The government thus formed may more often than not work for its own welfare and not nation building, therefore giving a freehand to corrupt practices in politics and bureaucracy. And this has happened in India for the last 60 years and is still happening. People are asking votes on the name of caste, religion, and other such sentimental issues rather than development and other rational issues.
Thank you for reading
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