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The Realisation of the Absolute :4-3-3.

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Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 3.3

3. Brahman as Bliss or Happiness-3.

It is said that the Self, when in fast embrace with the Being whose essence is Knowledge, knows nothing, either external or internal, for that is the True One in which all desires are quenched, in which the Self alone is the desire, in which all wants and sorrows are dissolved.

This is the zenith of Bliss and Wisdom, by a small fraction of which the whole universe is sustained.

“One who is conscious of the Bliss of Brahman fears not from anything.”

“When one finds his rest in That which is invisible, incorporeal, inexpressible, unfathomable, then he has attained to Fearlessness.”

For, this Atman is Silence and Peace, “shantoyamatma”.


The apparently triple nature of Reality is asserted to be one in Truth.

“That which is Joy is the same as Being which is Life” (Chh. Up., IV. 10. 5).

Non-existence is the existence of the absence of existence.

Existence is the substratum of all positive and negative entities.

Exis…

The Realisation of the Absolute :4-3-2..

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Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 3.2

3. Brahman as Bliss or Happiness-2.

“This Being (of Brahman) is the supreme Bliss.” —Brih Up., IV. 3. 32.

The Mundaka Upanishad calls Reality as the “Blissful Immortal”.

According to the Taittiriya Upanishad, it is the Reality “whose Self is Truth, which is the delight of life, the joy of mind, the fullness of peace, the immortal.”

The repeated declarations of sage Yajnavalkya, “whatever is other than That, is wretched,” “he who departs hence without knowing this Imperishable is miserable,” suggest the absolute supremacy of the Bliss of Brahman, when compared to which even the highest heaven, even the abode of the creator, is just darkness and sorrow.


The natural phenomena of hunger and thirst, pain and illusion, old age and death are said to be overstepped by That most Exalted Being which is beyond all evil and sin.

Brahman is not “blissful” but “Bliss”, not “conscious” but “Consciousness”, not “existent” but “Existence”.

It neither decreases n…

The Realisation of the Absolute :4-3-1..

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Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 3.1

3. Brahman as Bliss or Happiness-1.


Absolute Being is the highest perfection. Perfection is Bliss.

The Self is the seat of Absolute Love, Love without an object outside it.

It is Bliss without objectification, for Brahman-Bliss is not derived through contact of subject and object.

Here, Love and Bliss are Existence itself.

That which is, is Bliss of Consciousness which is Being.

The highest aim of all endeavour is deliverance from the present condition of limited life and the reaching of “the Bhuma which is Bliss”.

“The great Infinite alone is Bliss, there is no bliss in the small finite.

Where there is neither seeing nor hearing nor knowing of anything else which is a second entity—that is the Infinite” (Chh. Up., VII. 23, 24).

Absolute Existence which is Absolute Knowledge is also Absolute Bliss.

The Consciousness of Bliss experienced is in proportion to the growth and expansion that we feel in the conscious being of ourselves.

Sat-chit-ananda…

The Realisation of the Absolute :4- 2- 12.

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Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 2.12.

2. Brahmam as Consciousness or Intelligence-12.

As this Consciousness is proved to exist in the deep sleep state also, it is evident that this one Consciousness endures without even the least change in itself in all states of experience, without a past or a future for its existence.

It does not differ from another consciousness, nor does it differ from itself now and then, here and there, in this or that state, as objects and mental states do. Consciousness is always one and is ever secondness.

We cannot conceive of two consciousnesses, though mental states may be two or more. Consciousness is, therefore, eternal. Metaphysically, anything that is eternal must be infinite, without restrictions. Since limitation, too, is what is known by the Consciousness, Consciousness transcends limitation.

The Self is Absolute Consciousness, Brahman or the Bhuma.


The ignorance that is generally experienced in deep sleep cannot be a real existence, for, if it …

The Realisation of the Absolute :4- 2- 11.

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Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 2.

2. Brahmam as Consciousness or Intelligence-11.

The existence of the essential person, the Self, in the condition of deep sleep, was one of awareness of nothing, an awareness together with nothingness, which means mere awareness, as nothingness has no value.

Further, the existence of the experience of the Self is corroborated by the subsequent remembrance of the existence of oneself in deep sleep.

As remembrance is not possible without previous experience, and as experience is never possible without consciousness, we have to conclude that the Self does exist in deep sleep as mere Consciousness.

This Consciousness exists in the waking state as the unchanging basis of the changing mind and the senses. In the dreaming state it exists as the synthesiser of mental functions.

The objects in the waking and the dreaming states differ from one another, but the consciousness of objects is one and the same; it does not differ in relation to objects.

The onl…

The Realisation of the Absolute :4- 2- 10.

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Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 2.

2. Brahmam as Consciousness or Intelligence-10.

The knower of sense-perceptions cannot be the mind, too, though the mind is able to know without the help of the senses and is able to coordinate, arrange, and systematically synthesise sense-perceptions.

Thoughts differ in different places, times and conditions.

Hence, there must be some other synthesising agent of even mental cognitions.

Otherwise a person cannot know that he is the same individual experiencing different kinds of thought.

Even memory would be impossible but for a non-relative consciousness transcending thoughts.

Mental cognitions and sensuous perceptions are heterogeneous in their nature.

Therefore the possibility and experience of a unified completeness of self-identical, absolutely immediate and direct consciousness shows that the true Self is Pure Consciousness in its essence, which is not affected by the revolting activities of the mind and the senses.


The essential nature of …

The Realisation of the Absolute :4- 2- 9.

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Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 2.

2. Brahmam as Consciousness or Intelligence-9.

Even if there be the slightest distinction within the constitutive essence of the knower, i.e., if the knower is made up of parts, complete synthesised knowledge would never have been possible.

If there is a division within the knower, what is the relation between one part and another therein?

If one part is different from the other, what is that which exists between one part and another?

The question cannot be answered, as knowledge does not admit of space within itself, as knowledge is presupposed by the idea of space and the notion of time and causality.

If the parts which are said to constitute the consciousness or the knower are not differentiated by anything other than the knower, then, the knower does not become a composite of parts, but exists as an undivided consciousness which is absolutely identical with itself.

The nature of the knower must be knowledge itself.

 If not, what is the nature…

The Realisation of the Absolute :4- 2- 8.

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Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 2

2. Brahmam as Consciousness or Intelligence 8.

The Self is Pure Consciousness, as it is presupposed by all modes of consciousness, which function in the form of consciousness of external conditions or objects.

Human consciousness is characterised by objectiveness.

It is more a cognition or a perception than simple unadulterated consciousness.

The cognitions and perceptions are the processes of knowing through the mind and the senses.

In the waking state of ordinary consciousness, the different senses receive different forms of knowledge, and the function and the knowledge of one sense is quite different from and unconnected with that of another.

For instance, the eye alone can perceive forms and the ear alone can hear sounds.

Knowledges differ with regard to the different senses.


But, even if these sense-knowledges are entirely cut off from one another, the person experiencing these sense-knowledges is one and the same.

The person is the synthesis…

The Realisation of the Absolute :4- 2- 7.

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Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 2 -7.

2. Brahmam as Consciousness or Intelligence -7.

In the Maitrayani Upanishad we have the statement that having pierced through darkness, one reaches
That which effulgent like a wheel of fire, the Brahman which is like the resplendent sun, almighty,

That which shines in the sun and the moon, in fire and lightning, and by seeing it, one becomes Immortal (VI. 24).

This Real is the absolute knowing Subject, and hence, “It cannot be an object of worship” (Kena Up., I. 4).

The internal mechanism of knowledge, together with the senses, is itself an inert object lighted up by the subject which is Brahman-Consciousness.

“Everything that this heart and mind are, consciousness, lordship, discrimination, intelligence, wisdom, perception, steadfastness, thought, control over thought, despondency, memory, will, determination, life, desire, attachment—all these are mere appellations of Pure Consciousness."


All this is guided by Consciousness, is grounded…