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The Realisation of the Absolute :4- 2- 6.

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Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 2 -6.

2. Brahman as Consciousness or Intelligence -6.


It is only in deep sleep that we practically become one with the Absolute.

But the presence of ignorance, the store of the potential objective forces existing in an unmanifested state, prevents us from having the experience of Brahman. The unmanifest inert condition is not Reality.


Reality is dynamic Consciousness; yet, it is the highest tranquillity.

It is the unimaginable fourth state, which includes and transcends the other three states.

The Real sees not and knows not anything; It is seeing and knowing itself; “It, the Seer and the Knower, has no interruption of seeing and knowing, because it is Indestructible—there is nothing second to and distinct from it, for it to see and know.”

“Even as a lump of salt has no distinguishable in or out, and consists through and through entirely of the essence of savour, so in truth this Self has no in and out, and consists through and through entirely of t…

The Realisation of the Absolute :4- 2- 5.

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Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 2 -5.

2. Brahman as Consciousness or Intelligence -5.

All knowledge is a reflection of the Self-existent Reality-Consciousness, a shadow of Brahman-Intelligence.

Even a master-genius in all possible branches of learning and arts ever known can have only a semblance of the absolute Wisdom-Mass reflected through his intellect which is only a feeble apology for true knowledge.

Even the best inspiration of the greatest poet is only a reflection of Brahman-Knowledge.


There is no intelligence, either on earth or in heaven, which can be equal to the Intelligence of the Absolute, because all differentiated beings have only partial intelligence and can never experience Brahman-Consciousness as long as they remain as individuals separated from the Whole.

The mind, the intellect and the senses are, therefore, not intelligent; it is Brahman that is Intelligence and Light of lights, jyotisham jyotih.


This knowing Subject is unseizable, indestructible, unattached…

The Realisation of the Absolute :4- 2 -4.

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Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 2 -4.

2. Brahman as Consciousness or Intelligence -4.


“In truth, O Gargi, this Imperishable One alone sees, but is not seen; hears, but not heard; thinks, but is not thought; understands, but is not understood.

There is no other Seer but That, no other Hearer but That, no other Thinker but That, no other Understander but That.

In this Imperishable One, O Gargi, space is woven, warp and woof” (Brih. Up., III. 8. 11).

It is further explained that as the ocean is the centre of all waters, the Atman as eye is the centre of all forms, as ear of all sounds, as nose of all smells, etc.

The one central operation of this Self-consciousness is manifoldly termed in relation to the cognitive differences as eye, ear, etc.

When the eye is directed on space, it is the Consciousness of the Real in the eye that shines, the eye is only a secondary insentient instrument. Similarly, it is so in the case of the other sense-functions.

Even thinking and understanding are …

The Realisation of the Absolute :4- 2 -3.

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Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 2 -3.

2. Brahman as Consciousness or Intelligence -3.


“Brahman is Consciousness.” —Ait. Up., III. 3.

“This Purusha is Self-luminous.” —Brih. Up., IV. 3. 9, 14.

“The Self alone is its light.” —Brih. Up., IV. 3. 6.

“Through what can one be conscious of Him by whom alone one is conscious of this everything? Through what can one know the Knower?” —Brih. Up., II. 4.

Knowledge is not the attribute but the very stuff of Reality.

It is the Essence of Existence.

Hence, this Reality is unknowable as an object of knowledge.

It manifests itself as the first principle in all thought and action.

“He who breathes in with your prana, is the Self of yours, which is in all things. He who breathes out with your apana, breathes about with your vyana, breathes up with your udana, is the Self of yours, which is in all things.”

Yajnavalkya declares with the certainty of a seer of the Truth, “You cannot see the Seer of seeing. You cannot hear the Hearer of hearing. You can…

The Realisation of the Absolute :4- 2 -2.

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Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 2 -2.

2. Brahman as Consciousness or Intelligence -2.

This Universal Consciousness is not to be confused with the individual’s ego-consciousness.

Rather, it is Pure Awareness.

Ego-consciousness necessitates a modification in a certain fashion, and hence it is only a mode of becoming and not being in its fullness.

Consciousness in the sense of Reality does not imply that outside it something must exist as its object.

It is only in empirical cognition that consciousness needs an object.

In the highest condition, the existence and the content of consciousness are one and the same.

The Absolute knows itself without any process of knowing.

Consciousness is absolute Intelligence, unlimited Self-luminosity.

Even in all the states of waking, dreaming, deep sleep, swooning, etc., the Self ever remains as the indispensable and indisputable immediacy of Consciousness, a witness of all states.

Unaffected and unaltered, it remains in its purity, as the eternal p…

The Realisation of the Absolute :4- 2 -1.

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Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 2 -1.

2. Brahman as Consciousness or Intelligence -1.


What is, then, the nature of this Absolute Existence?

The inmost being in us, our own existence itself, shall solve the problem.

We find that we cannot make a distinction between our being and our consciousness.

To think of being as the real, and yet as different from consciousness, seems to be impossible.

Just as we cannot deny being, so also we cannot deny consciousness.

We can deny the objects and states of consciousness, but we can never deny consciousness itself.

In every one of our attempts to do so, it asserts its existence before we even begin to think properly.

Consciousness is the most positive of facts, the datum of all experience.

It transcends all limits of space, time and causality.

Consciousness is never limited, for the very consciousness of the fact of limitation is proof of its transcendental unlimitedness.

Swami Kriashnananda
To be continued  ...








The Realisation of the Absolute :4-1-24.

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Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 1-24.

1. BRAHMAN AS EXISTENCE OR BEING : 24.

Existence is indivisible and is its own explanation. Existence cannot be defined since it has no specific characteristics, and since it never becomes an object of knowledge.

It is the reality of the object as well as of the subject.

The body, the vital energy, the senses, the mind, the intellect and even the very condition of all these objective manifestations have as their reality this supreme Existence.

The realm of the knower and the known, i.e., the entire universe in all its aspects and states, is ultimately found to be based on Existence which is imperishable.
The universe is a condition, a mode of experience, and this mode can have meaning only when it is rooted in Existence which is at once eternal and infinite.
Existence, pure and perfect, is the Absolute, the supreme Brahman proclaimed in the Upanishads.

Next : 2. Brahman as Consciousness or Intelligence

Swami Krishnananda
To be continued   ...