Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 1
1. BRAHMAN AS EXISTENCE OR BEING : 1.
Long ago, the Rigveda has proclaimed: “The One Being the wise diversely speak of.”
All philosophy proceeds from this, all religion is based on this.
We, moreover, hear such declarations as “Truth, Knowledge, Infinity is Brahman,” “Consciousness, Bliss, is Brahman,” “All this is, verily, Brahman,” “This Self is Brahman,” “Immortal, Fearless, is Brahman,” and the like.
And we are further aware of assertions like “That from which these beings are born, That by which, after having been born, they live, That into which they re-enter and with which they become one—know That, the Brahman.”
Omnipresence omniscience and omnipotence are said to be the characteristics of God.
These serve the purpose of defining the twofold nature of Brahman, the Reality—its essential nature (svarupa-lakshana) and accidental attribute (tatastha-lakshana).
The former is the independent and imperishable truth of Brahman, the latter is its superimposed dependent quality which is subject to change in the process of time.
To be continued .....