Chapter 4: The Nature of Reality : 1-16.
1. BRAHMAN AS EXISTENCE OR BEING : 16.
Lying, it moves everywhere.” “It is manifest and hidden.”
Such metaphorical definitions of Reality point to the central meaning of its absoluteness of character.
That which does everything does nothing in particular.
All speculations about the nature of the Ultimate Principle finally lend themselves to the unanimous conclusion that it is eternal, infinite, unconditioned, non-dual, absolute, existence.
“It is without an earlier and without a later, without an inside and without an outside, the Being of the Self of all, the Experiencer of everything.”
Yajnavalkya describes the Supreme Being thus: “An Ocean, the One, the Seer, without duality it is. This is the State of Brahman. This is the supreme goal. This is the supreme prosperity.
This is the supreme abode.
This is the supreme bliss.
On a part of this bliss other creatures are living.”
“It does not become greater by good action, nor inferior by bad action.”
In the words of the famous Nasadiya Sukta of the Rigveda, the original condition of existence was a total absence of the world, the sky and all manifestation.
To be continued .....